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What is an applet in haproxy?

Posted by Anonymous User 
Anonymous User
What is an applet in haproxy?
August 04, 2017 08:30AM
Hi,

What is an applet in haproxy? what is it for?

thanks
Willy Tarreau
Re: What is an applet in haproxy?
August 04, 2017 05:50PM
Hi,

On Fri, Aug 04, 2017 at 03:18:02PM +0900, flamesea12@yahoo.co.jp wrote:
> Hi,
>
> What is an applet in haproxy? what is it for?

It's a small autonomous entity which communicates via a stream to another
side. It usually behaves exactly like a client or a server and is seen by
the internal code as an external entity. The main purpose is to be able to
plug it where an external connection is normally expected, so as to offer
services without changing the complex (and fragile) internal code.

A few examples :
- the CLI handler. Haproxy "thinks" it's forwarding incoming connections
to a remote server except that this remote server is the CLI applet
- the stats page, it renders HTML code which passes through the HTTP
response processing exactly as if it came from a server. It may even
be compressed on the fly thanks to this (very convenient)
- the peers protocol handler, it initiate connections to other LBs and
accepts their connections
- Lua and SPOE also use applets as connection initiators for their external
communications

HTTP/2 will also use applets, one dedicated to the H2 connection, which
demuxes the requests, and one per stream to write the translated H1 request
into the next stage's buffer. The response processing follows the exact
opposite path. The H2 applet knows a list of the H1 streams and each H1
stream has a link to its parent H2 applet. Together they form sort of a
protocol conversion proxy (one client + one server).

Hoping this helps,
Willy
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